Calciferous moss on lichen covered stone. Photo by Think Puppets Mug
Plant Selection for Vertical Calming Walls Moss can be encouraged to climb stony outcroppings by other bryophitic plants such as lichens. The lichens are the white crusty stuff on the rock
Simple Principles in constructing for Vertical Calming Walls
Natural Ecological Landscaped Walls are not suitable everywhere. However, most regions can sustain living walls. Living walls are most applicable when other kinds of walls are not suitable, do not mitigate enough noise and particulate matter, or/and there is a need for additional habitat creation. Other considerations for walls next to or in dense, tall transportation corridors is shown on the following chart.